POTS or Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome affects the circulation of blood in our body. The sympathetic nervous system and autonomic nervous system are involved with POTS. It also stands out as orthostatic intolerance, and the symptoms start developing when you get up from a reclining position and try to stand. You will only get relief from it once you sit or lie down. Some of the main symptoms of POTS are a rapid increase in heartbeat, lightheaded-ness, and fainting. We know many people suffering from the condition don’t even have complete information and are always asking, “What is POTS?” Here’s an in-depth guide for them to consider.
The Various Forms Of POTS
Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome come in different forms, and some of the most common types are:
- Low Blood Volume POTS: When the blood volume reduces, it can lead to POTS. Low blood volumes can give birth to the same symptoms that overlap in Hyperadrenergic and Neuropathic POTS.
- Neuropathic POTS: Loss of nerve supply or Peripheral Denervation can lead to inferior blood vessels muscles, mainly in the core body and legs.
- Hyperadrenergic POTS: This is a type of POTS, which occurs due to the overactivity of the sympathetic nervous system.
Who Can Get POTS?
Most of the POTS patients are women from the ages of 13 to 50 years. Approximately 1.3 million individuals are said to suffer from POTS, especially in the US. If you suffered from a severe infection, trauma due to a head injury, viral illness, or pregnancy, you might have a high chance of developing POTS. This particular condition will also occur as an aftermath of a prolonged illness. People who have a recent history of mononucleosis will develop POTS.
Individuals who have Celiac Disease and Sjogren’s Syndrome have a much higher chance of developing POTS. Sjogren’s Syndrome can be easily evaluated through rheumatology consult, blood testing, lip biopsy, dry eye test. Under Celiac Disease, biopsies of the small intestines, gastroenterology consult, and blood work can be tested.
Symptoms Of POTS
Experiencing the symptoms of POTS can be scary and uncomfortable at the same time. Here are some of the symptoms, which POTS patients suffer from.
- Chest pain
- Low or high blood pressure
- Nausea, bloating, and abdominal pain
- Jittery and nervous feeling
- Blurred visions
- Trouble focusing or forgetfulness
- Discoloration of hands and feet
- Neck pain, body aches, and headaches
- Exercise intolerance
- Constipation or Diarrhea
- Temperature deregulation
How Is POTS Treated?
There are some ways through which Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome can be treated. The treatment options are:
- Cardiac Rehab Program: This program is ideal for all the POTS patients out there, even when their hearts are entirely healthy. The program will help improve and recondition the health and control the POTS.
- Medication: When it comes to medication, midodrine, salt tablets, beta-blocker, pyridostigmine, and fludrocortisone are ideal for controlling POTS.
- Medical Compression Stockings: Doctors are said to prescribe medical compression stockings to POTS patients. These are no ordinary stockings. They can help in pushing the blood up right from the legs to lessen the symptoms of POTS.
- Using A Blood Pressure Monitor: With the help of a blood pressure monitor, you can easily check the pulse and the blood pressure. You can obtain the monitor from a drug store, a medical supply store, or an online shop. After purchasing it, take the monitor to your doctor for checking. It will ensure that the machine’s readings match with the physician’s blood pressure readings.
Every Day Ways To Control And Manage POTS
To manage POTS regularly, there are some ways to do so. Look below!
Nutrition And Diet
- Increase the sodium to 3000mg to 10,000mg each day.
- Balance your nutrition with fruits, protein, dairy, and vegetables.
- Do not consume processed food products.
- Drink about 2 liters to 2.5 liters of liquid each day.
- Avoid using tablets, smartphones, or watching television too much.
- Sleep at least 7 hours to 10 hours.
- Try to make a proper sleep schedule.
- Avoid taking naps during the daytime.
Physical Activity And Exercise
Here are some of the exercises you can do to have excellent control over your POTS.
- Isometric exercise: This type of exercise involves contracting your muscles without making your body move. The exercise helps in squeezing the muscles and then pushes the blood back towards the heart.
- A walking program: You should count the number of steps you can do successfully without inducing the symptoms. These steps will stand out as the initial baseline. You can begin by walking once every day. Try to go a little bit further each time, and you can use a fitness tracker to monitor the distance and steps easily.
POTS is a type of condition that you should not take lightly. You might easily develop POTS if you suffer from click-murmur syndrome, multiple sclerosis, chronic fatigue syndrome, and even diabetes. If you experience any POTS symptoms, you must contact your doctor to obtain proper treatment.